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Summary of Data

Energy (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total Combustion On-site (Direct) (d) 1,000 GJ 2,151 1,790 1,828 1,744 1,828 1,660
Natural Gas 1,000 GJ 1,848 1,390 1,400 1,322 1,371 1,207
Diesel 1,000 GJ 303 390 416 411 448 443
Propane 1,000 GJ - 10 11 11 10 9
Total Purchased Energy (Indirect) (e) 1,000 GJ 2,190 2,059 1,990 1,962 1,983 1,876
Fossil Fuel 1,000 GJ 1,541 1,545 1,435 1,418 1,419 1,314
Hydro 1,000 GJ 287 191 210 200 217 123
Nuclear 1,000 GJ 240 195 185 185 178 148
Nonspecified Renewables 1,000 GJ 106 114 152 144 156 277
Nonspecified 1,000 GJ 16 13 8 14 13 13
Total Energy 1,000 GJ 4,341 3,849 3,817 3,706 3,812 3,535
Total Energy Normalized to Net Sales 1,000 GJ/$B net sales 303 231 210 192 182 161
Confirmed Results of Energy Reduction Projects (b,c) 1,000 GJ - 919 106 131 175 244

Carbon (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total Carbon Combustion On-site (Scope 1) (f) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 126 98 101 96 103 94
Natural Gas 1,000 MT CO2Eq 104 70 71 67 71 62
Diesel 1,000 MT CO2Eq 22 27 29 29 32 31
Propane 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 1 1 1 1 1
Total Carbon Purchased Energy (Scope 2) (g) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 290 287 263 258 266 198
Electricity 1,000 MT CO2Eq 284 283 259 254 263 195
Steam 1,000 MT CO2Eq 6 4 4 4 3 3
Total Carbon from Energy 1,000 MT CO2Eq 416 385 363 354 369 291
Total Carbon Normalized to Net Sales 1,000 MT CO2Eq/$B net sales 29.1 23.1 20 18 18 13
Total Carbon Normalized to Total Energy MTCO2Eq/GJ 0.095 0.100 0.095 0.10 0.097 0.082
Confirmed Results of Carbon Reduction Projects (b,c) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 84 8 10 13.5 20.2

Other Carbon (h)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Carbon US Sales Fleet (Scope 1) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 13 15 16 13 13 16
Carbon US Sales Fleet Emissions Avoided (Scope 1) (o) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 4 1 2 2.3 2
Carbon Executive Air Fleet (Scope 1) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 5 6 5 5 6 6
Carbon from Fugitive Refrigerant Emissions (Scope 1) MT CO2Eq - - 4,231 5,499 3,958 1,637
Carbon Business Travel - Commercial (Scope 3) (i,j) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 65 67 65 74 78
Carbon from Amgen Materials Transportation
(Scope 3) (i,j)
1,000 MT CO2Eq - 25 27 25 29 24

Water (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total Water Withdrawal (k,c) 1,000 CM 3,286 2,720 2,725 2,487 2,520 2,351
Municipal 1,000 CM 3,249 2,707 2,712 2,482 2,453 2,341
Other - (Reservoir) Trucked In 1,000 CM 8 - - - -  -  
Ground 1,000 CM 29 13 13 5 68 10
Total Water Withdrawal Normalized to Net Sales 1,000 CM/$B net sales 230 163 150 129 120 107
Water Fate (k) 1,000 CM - 2,720 2,739 2,487 2,512 2,335
Consumed Into Products 1,000 CM - 21 21 28 71 28
Lost to Evaporation 1,000 CM - 713 684 657 736 603
Discharged to Treatment 1,000 CM - 1,662 1,758 1,551 1,449 1,495
Discharged Directly to Environment 1,000 CM - 324 276 250 256 210
Recycled 1,000 CM - 535 655 525 759 642
Percentage of Water Recycled per Total Water Withdrawal % - 20 24 21 30 28
Confirmed Results of Water Reduction Projects (b) 1,000 CM - 686 19 36 142 203

Waste (a,c)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Recycling Rate (l) % 34.9 52.8 51.3 50.4 52.1 54
Total Routine Waste MT 10,146 9,018 8,780 8,929 10,054 10,330
Hazardous Waste MT 1,343 1,180 1,157 1,113 1,455 1,815
Recycled MT 251 245 105 84 190 286
Incinerated for Energy Recovery MT 375 347 402 387 447 683
Incinerated Not for Energy Recovery MT 523 422 468 473 683 726
Landfilled MT 118 126 147 132 102 94
Treated (m) MT 76 40 36 38 33 27
Nonhazardous Waste MT 8,803 7,838 7,623 7,816 8,599 8,515
Composted MT 260 583 532 628 947 814
Reused MT 32 44 274 178 153 159
Recycled MT 2,999 3,890 3,583 3,610 3,945 4,258
Incinerated for Energy Recovery MT 432 576 604 605 700 762
Incinerated Not for Energy Recovery MT 194 79 48 88 259 188
Landfilled MT 4,885 2,662 2,530 2,661 2,543 2,273
Treated (m) MT - 4 52 47 52 61
Total Routine Waste Normalized to Net Sales MT/$B net sales 709 542 483 462 480 472
Total Nonroutine Waste (n) MT 31,415 16,902 8,452 3,722 2,253 4,529
Confirmed Results of Routine Waste Reduction Projects (b) MT - 1,094 320 441 688 850

Fleet

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
US Sales Fleet Fuel Efficiency MPG-US 19 23 25 26 27 26
US Sales Fleet Fuel Use Avoided (o) 1,000 GL - 427 104 289 498 704
US Sales Fleet Fuel Use 1,000 GL 1,498 1,739 1,738 1,381 1,414 1,750

Compliance (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Environmental Notices of Violation (NOVs) (p) 1 NOV 8 2 2 6 0 1

General

(a)
Amgen has included data from 19 facilities covering energy and carbon, water and waste. The facilities represent approximately 94 percent of Amgen's worldwide facility space based on total square feet. Included facilities are in Thousand Oaks, California, U.S.; West Greenwich, Rhode Island, U.S.; Longmont, Colorado, U.S.; Bothell, Washington, U.S.; Juncos, Puerto Rico, U.S.; Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.; South San Francisco, California, U.S.; Cambridge and Woburn, Massachusetts, U.S.; Burnaby, Canada; Breda, Netherlands; Dun Laoghaire, Ireland; Uxbridge, Abingdon and Cambridge, United Kingdom; São Paulo, Brazil; Yenibosna and Sekerpinar, Turkey; and Tuas, Singapore. This includes leased buildings where we have operational control over building infrastructure, including utilities.

(b)
Measurement and verification of conservation and reduction projects for energy and carbon, water and waste are based on adaptation of the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP), Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings Volume 1, EVO 10000-1.2007, April 2007. Project measurements are conducted using reasonable means, including direct measurements and scientific estimations as appropriate. Values for conservation and reduction projects represent year-over-year, cumulative and continuing avoidance based on a 2007 baseline, then rebaselined in 2012 to match the next-generation 2020 Target design. Results from conservation and reduction projects from sites in Brazil, Turkey and Singapore are not included in the 2016 data.

(c)
Immaterial changes to 2007–2016 data may have occurred due to refinements in calculations. All changes have been confirmed through a documented change control process.

Energy

(d)
Direct energy use results from the operation of equipment that is owned or controlled by Amgen at the facilities listed in note (a). Data on the use of natural gas, propane and diesel in boilers, furnaces and HVAC are recorded from utility bills or purchase records. Data on the use of diesel in emergency generators are recorded from purchase records or meter readings and, in some cases, estimated from run-hours. Utility bills recorded in units of volume are converted to energy by using the Global Reporting Initiative Version 3.1, EN3 table, to convert volumes of primary sources (natural gas, diesel), or from specific fuel analysis data (diesel used in Juncos, Puerto Rico), and the U.S. Energy Information Administration/Annual Energy Review Table A1 (propane). Energy from emergency generators recorded as run-hours is estimated using the manufacturer's specified fuel-feed rate for each generator.

(e)
Indirect energy use results from purchased energy in the forms of electricity and steam at the Amgen facilities listed in note (a). Data on the use of electricity and steam are recorded from utility bills. Utility bills for purchased steam that are recorded in units of mass (i.e., "lb steam") are converted to energy based on conversion factors provided by the supplier.

Carbon

(f)
Scope 1 carbon emissions result from direct energy sources defined in note (d). Additional Scope 1 Carbon emissions from our U.S. sales fleet, executive air fleet and fugitive emissions from chillers, coolers and HVAC are found in the Other Carbon category in this data summary. Carbon data from natural gas sources are calculated using regional specific emission factors from U.S. EPA Rule Part 98A Table C-3 (U.S. weighted average) for all U.S. sites; from the Ireland UFCCC for Amgen's facility in Dun Laoghaire, Ireland; from U.K. Defra/DECC's 110819 Guidelines for Amgen's facilities in the United Kingdom (Uxbridge, Abingdon and Cambridge); from the NL Agency standard CO2 emission factors for Amgen's facility in the Netherlands (Breda); and from the Methodology for Reporting 2013 Ministry of Environment Victoria, B.C., 2013, for Amgen's facility in Burnaby, Canada. Carbon emissions data from propane and diesel fuel sources (except Amgen's facility in Juncos, Puerto Rico) are calculated using the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Cross-Sector Tools-Stationary Combustion-V.1.0 (August 2012). Carbon from diesel use in Amgen's Juncos, Puerto Rico, facility are calculated using specific fuel analysis information and from U.S. EPA Rule Part 98A Table C-1. Carbon data from direct energy sources prior to 2011 were calculated using emission factors from the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Cross-Sector Tools-Stationary Combustion-V.1.0 (July 2009). Scope 1 emissions that are not included in this data summary include process-related emissions from cell respiration (carbon as a by-product) and pH adjustments (CO2 injection). Analysis of these sources in 2013 showed that cell respiration and emissions from pH adjustments are negligible (less than 0.1 percent of our total carbon emissions).

(g)
Scope 2 carbon emissions result from indirect energy sources defined in note (e). Carbon data from purchased electricity are calculated using emission factors from U.S. EPA eGRID 2014 version 2 for all U.S. locations except Amgen's facility in Puerto Rico, which has been determined by the 2017 Climate Registry Emissions Factors for non-eGRID U.S. territories; from the Greenhouse Gas Division, Environment Canada (2006 data)-V.1.0 (April 2009) for Amgen's facility in Burnaby, Canada; from specific utility annual providers' reports for Amgen facilities in the United Kingdom (Uxbridge, Abingdon and Cambridge), the Netherlands (Breda), and Dun Laoghaire, Ireland; and from 2017 Climate Registry Emissions Factors for facilities in Turkey, Brazil and Singapore. Carbon data from purchased steam are calculated using the utility bills for purchased steam that are recorded in units of mass (i.e., "lb steam") and are converted to energy and carbon based on conversion factors provided by the supplier for Amgen's facility in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Carbon data from indirect energy sources prior to 2011 were calculated using emission factors from U.S. EPA eGRID2007 Version 1.1 for U.S. facilities.

Other Carbon

(h)
The Other Carbon category contains additional Scope 1 and Scope 3 carbon emissions that are tracked. Carbon emissions from our executive air fleet are calculated using emission factors from the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Cross-Sector Tools-Transport-Fuel-Use (August 2012). Carbon emissions from our U.S. sales fleet are calculated using emission factors from the GHG Protocol Emission Factors for Petrol passenger cars (volume) (GHG Protocol) = 8.81 kg/gal. Fuel use and mileage data are collected at the pump for each vehicle. Carbon emissions from our commercial business travel are calculated by Amgen's travel provider using the Defra tool. Carbon emissions from Amgen's material transportation have been provided by the carrier using its own specific methods. Fugitive emissions from process equipment (e.g., refrigerant from refrigeration and HVAC equipment) are calculated using emission factors from the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Cross-Sector Tools-Transport-Fuel-Use (August 2012). Processes are in place to maintain chillers, coolers and HVAC equipment to prevent unintended emissions.

(i)
Scope 3 carbon emissions are a consequence of the activities of the company but occur from sources not owned or controlled by the company. Scope 3 carbon emissions that are currently tracked include emissions from Amgen's commercial business travel (air and rail) and material transportation.

(j)
Commercial business travel was not tracked in 2007 or 2008. Material transportation was not tracked from 2007 to 2011. The accuracy of carbon emissions tracking from chillers, coolers, and HVAC improved in 2013 and will now be reported going forward.

Water

(k)
Immaterial discrepancy between values for total water fate and total water withdrawal is due to rounding and compilation of individual facility totals.

Waste

(l)
The recycle rate is the total routine recycled, composted and reused weight divided by the total weight of routine waste.

(m)
Treatment means the physical, thermal, chemical or biological processes that change the characteristics of the waste in order to reduce its volume or hazardous nature, facilitate its handling or enhance recovery.

(n)
Nonroutine waste constitutes waste generated outside the normal operations of our facilities and consists mainly of construction and demolition waste.

Fleet

(o)
Emissions and fuel use avoided are the result of improvements in fleet efficiency from years 2007 through 2012 based on a 2007 baseline and years 2013+ based on a 2012 baseline.

Compliance

(p)
Environmental notices of violation (NOVs) reported that resulted from agency inspections.

Bureau Veritas North America, Inc., has provided limited assurance of the accuracy of Amgen's 2016 data for energy use, greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 1 and Scope 2), water withdrawal and fate, waste quantities and disposition, fleet fuel efficiency, and number of environmental violations. Please see our Independent Verification Statement  for additional information.

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