FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
THOUSAND OAKS, Calif. - February 25, 2003 - Amgen (Nasdaq: AMGN), the world's largest biotechnology company, provided an overview of sales and earnings through 2005 and highlights from selected R&D portfolio candidates at the company's business review meeting for stock analysts and investors today in Los Angeles. The company's presenters included Kevin Sharer, Amgen's chairman and chief executive officer; Roger Perlmutter, executive vice president, research and development; George Morrow, executive vice president, sales and marketing; Dennis Fenton, executive vice president, operations; and, Richard Nanula, executive vice president and chief financial officer.
Amgen told investors today that worldwide product sales could more than double by year-end 2005 from 2002. The company said it expects sales to increase at a compound annual growth rate in the 30 to 32 percent range during that period. Amgen also expects adjusted earnings per share to grow in the 25 to 27 percent range over the next three years.
Adjusted earnings per share, for the full year ended December 31, 2002 and the period from 2002 through 2005, exclude certain expenses related to the acquisition of Immunex and certain non-recurring items. These expenses and non-recurring items are itemized in the reconciliation table below. The company also announced that it anticipates spending approximately $1 billion on stock repurchases in 2003.
"Since our last business review discussion in November 2000, Amgen has accomplished much including three major product launches, integrating the largest biotechnology acquisition ever and significantly improving our R&D productivity. We've also built a new and talented senior management team with the experience to ensure Amgen can meet the challenges of a competitive marketplace," said Kevin Sharer, Amgen's chairman and chief executive officer. "Looking ahead, Amgen has blockbuster products in large and fast-growing markets with the competitive attributes and strong patent positions that will allow us to more than double sales from 2002 to 2005. At the same time we plan to double our investment in research and development," Sharer said.
Market & Product Growth
For the three-year period from 2002 to 2005, on a compound annual basis, Amgen expects combined sales growth in the low- to mid-20 percent range for Aranesp® (darbepoetin alfa), its next-generation anemia treatment, and EPOGEN® (Epoetin alfa), Amgen's anemia therapy for patients on dialysis. Combined sales growth of Neulasta® (pegfilgrastim), Amgen's once-per-cycle product for decreasing infections with many types of cancer chemotherapy treatments, and NEUPOGEN® (Filgrastim), used to decrease the incidence of infection, are also expected in the low- to mid-20 percent range. For ENBREL® (etanercept), Amgen's inflammation biologic, the company sees growth in the mid-90 percent range based on 2002 ENBREL® sales of $362 million since July of 2002 when Amgen acquired the product.
In a review of market potential in the United States, Amgen said it expects that the anemia market will grow at a compound annual rate of 15 to 20 percent in both the oncology and pre-dialysis settings over the next three years. Amgen also expects the market for white-cell boosters will grow between 15 and 20 percent from 2002 through 2005. The company forecasted that the U.S. rheumatoid arthritis biologic market will grow in a range of 30 to 35 percent for the same period.
In addition to financial guidance, Amgen provided investors a scientific update on phase 3 clinical trials for late-stage development products and described two of the company's new product candidates. Top line preliminary results were presented. Complete efficacy and safety results from these studies will be presented at major medical meetings and in peer reviewed publications.
Preliminary results from recently completed phase 3 studies with ENBREL® were reviewed including psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis and long-term efficacy (up to five years) in rheumatoid arthritis. ENBREL® has the most extensive long-term safety and efficacy data and labeled indications of any TNF (tumor necrosis factor) blocking agent. ENBREL® is currently labeled for adult rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Supplemental biologics license applications have recently been filed for long-term radiographic data in rheumatoid arthritis (four years), a once-weekly dose option, ankylosing spondylitis and radiographic data in patients with psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriasis affects nearly seven million people in the United States, approximately one million of whom are classed as moderate to severe. In the first of two pivotal phase 3 clinical studies involving more than 650 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis ENBREL® at all doses studied (25 mg once weekly, 25 mg twice a week and 50 mg twice a week) provided significant improvement compared to placebo on the primary endpoint (Psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) 75 at week 12) (p< 0.01). In addition, nearly half of the patients receiving ENBREL® at 25 mg twice a week and nearly 60 percent of the patients receiving ENBREL® at 50 mg twice a week achieved a PASI 75 or greater after 24 weeks of chronic therapy. For this indication, Amgen expects to file for regulatory approval in 2003.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory condition, predominantly affecting the spine, producing symptoms of pain and stiffness. Disease progression can result in partial or complete fusion of the spine. Currently there is no approved disease-modifying treatment for this condition. In a phase 3 clinical study involving more than 270 patients with ankylosing spondylitis, ENBREL® treatment provided a significant early (at two weeks) and sustained response for up to six months. Approximately 50 percent of patients, after only two weeks of treatment, and nearly 60 percent of patients, after six months of chronic treatment, demonstrated a 20 percent or more improvement in the primary endpoint of ankylosing spondylitis assessment score (ASAS 20), compared with approximately 20 percent of patients receiving placebo, (p< 0.0001). The supplemental Biologics License Application for use of ENBRELâ to treat ankylosing spondylitis has been granted priority review status by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration.
Building the Pipeline - Late Stage Product Update
Most of the 300,000 patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing dialysis in the United States suffer from secondary hyperparathyroidism. Elevated levels of parathyroid hormone, calcium and phosphorus are associated with lower survival rates in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Cinacalcet HCl is an oral-acting modulator of the parathryroid gland calcium-sensing receptor that enables targeted control of secondary hyperparathyroidism in end-stage kidney disease patients. Three phase 3 studies of Cinacalcet HCl treatment are nearly complete and Amgen expects to file for regulatory approval in the second half of 2003.
Amgen also reviewed preliminary results from a phase 3 study in which recombinant keratinocyte growth factor (rHu-KGF) was administered to patients with oral mucositis in the hematologic transplant setting. Oral mucositis is a painful and debilitating condition caused by anti-tumor treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy. Patients experience severe oral mucosa ulcerations that make swallowing difficult or impossible. The phase 3 study was conducted in 212 patients with hematologic malignancies (such as lymphoma, multiple myeloma and leukemia) who received chemotherapy and radiation therapy with bone marrow transplantation. rHu-KGF decreased the duration of severe oral mucositis by over 60 percent compared to patients receiving placebo (p<0.001). Amgen plans to file for regulatory approval in 2004. In addition, development will continue in the solid tumor setting.
Expanding the Portfolio of New Product Candidates
Amgen highlighted its commitment to new product candidates and the balance of the portfolio in different therapeutic areas and molecules of multiple modalities (proteins, antibodies and small molecules). A small molecule, AMG548, a p38 MAP kinase inhibitor used to interdict the inflammation cascade, was discussed. Early results highlighted the pharmacodynamic activity of AMG548 in humans as measured by significant and durable inhibition of TNF release following single dose administration when compared to placebo. Further clinical evaluation is underway.
Glial derived neurotrophic factor, or GDNF, was also reviewed. Dramatic preliminary data demonstrate potential benefit in a small number of patients with Parkinson's disease. Phase 2 evaluation is ongoing.
Supplemental Long-Term Financial Guidance, 2002-2005
|Cost of Sales||Increasing as a percent of sales|
|R&D Spending||Decreasing as a percent of sales; doubling R&D expenditures from 2002 to 2005|
|Selling, General & Administrative Costs||Decreasing as a percent of sales; leverage the recent build-up in sales and marketing infrastructure|
|Tax Rate||Will trend lower than 2002, but may fluctuate based on product sales mix|
Amgen is a global biotechnology company that discovers, develops, manufactures and markets important human therapeutics based on advances in cellular and molecular biology.Forward-looking Statements
This news release contains forward-looking statements that involve significant risks and uncertainties, including those discussed below and more fully described in the Securities and Exchange Commission reports filed by Amgen, including our most recent Form 10-Q, and actual results could differ materially from those described. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including estimates of sales, growth rates, earning per share, revenues, operation margins, tax rate, expenditures and other financial metrics, expected regulatory or clinical results, and other future estimates and results. Amgen conducts research in the biotechnology/pharmaceutical field where movement from concept to product is uncertain; consequently, there can be no guarantee that any particular product candidate will be successful and become a commercial product.
Furthermore, our research, testing, pricing, marketing and other operations are subject to extensive regulation by domestic and foreign government regulatory authorities. In addition, sales of our products are affected by reimbursement policies imposed by third party payors, including governments, private insurance plans and managed care providers. These government regulations and reimbursement policies may affect the development, usage and pricing of our products.
In addition, while we routinely obtain patents for our products and technology, the protection offered by our patents and patent applications may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented by our competitors.
Because forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, actual results may differ materially from current results expected by Amgen. Amgen is providing this information as of February 25, 2003, and expressly disclaims any duty to update information contained in this press release.
CONTACT: Amgen, Thousand Oaks
Year ended December 31, 2002 GAAP net loss .......................... $(1,391.9) Adjustments to arrive at "adjusted" net income: Write-off of acquired in-process research and development ........... 2,991.8 (1) Amortization of acquired intangible assets .................. 155.2 (1) Other merger related expenses ....... 87.2 (1) Legal award ......................... (151.2) Amgen Foundation contribution ....... 50.0 Termination of collaboration agreements ......................... (40.1) Tax effects of the above adjustments ........................ (39.2) "Adjusted" net income .................. $1,661.8 Adjustment for interest expense on convertible notes, net of taxes .............................. 17.1 (2) Numerator for "adjusted" earnings per share ................................. $1,678.9 Shared used in the calculation of earnings (loss) per share: GAAP .............................. 1,153.5 (3) "Adjusted"......................... 1,209.9 Earnings (loss) per share GAAP .............................. $(1.21) "Adjusted"......................... $ 1.39
2002-2005 Period GAAP EPS CAGR .......................... N/A (4) "Adjusted" EPS CAGR (Guidance).......... 25% - 27% CAGR -- Compound Annual Growth Rate
(1) Incurred in connection with the Immunex acquisition in July 2002
(2) Pursuant to the "if-converted" method of calculating EPS, the numerator for "Adjusted" EPS in 2002 reflects the avoidance of interest expense incurred, net of tax, related to the assumed conversion of the convertible notes. The conversion of such debt and the avoidance of interest expense is not assumed for calculating the GAAP EPS because it's impact is anti-dilutive due to the GAAP loss in 2002.
(3) Due to the GAAP net loss in 2002, shares used in calculating the GAAP loss per share exclude the impact of stock options and convertible notes because their impact would be anti-dilutive. Shares used in calculating the "adjusted" earnings per share for 2002 include the impact of dilutive stock options (27.1 million shares) and convertible notes (29.3 million shares) under the treasury stock and "if-converted" methods, respectively.
(4) Due to the GAAP loss per share of ($1.21) in 2002, a GAAP EPS CAGR for the 2002-2005 period cannot be calculated. GAAP earnings per share for 2003 is expected to be lower than "adjusted" earnings per share by $0.19 due to the amortization of acquired intangible assets and other merger related expenses. The $0.19 adjustment excludes an anticipated one-time gain related to the reimbursement of costs and expenses related to a dispute with J&J because the final amount of the reimbursement has not yet been determined by the Arbitrator. GAAP earnings per share for 2004 and 2005 are expected to be lower than "adjusted" earnings per share by $0.18 and $0.16, respectively, due to the amortization of acquired intangible assets (2004 and 2005) and other merger related expenses (2004 only).
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