"Adding Vectibix to chemotherapy as first-line treatment in patients with wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer has been shown to result in better responses than chemotherapy alone," said
The new indication is based upon the 20060314 study, which evaluated Vectibix plus FOLFIRI in the first-line setting. Vectibix is already approved in the
The CHMP positive opinion will now be ratified by the
The safety profile of Vectibix was consistent with previously reported studies.
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, with approximately 1.2 million cases expected to occur globally.2,3 The highest estimated mortality rates associated with colorectal cancer occur in Central and
About Vectibix® (panitumumab)
In the EU, Vectibix is currently indicated for the treatment of adult patients with wild-type RAS mCRC:
Important EU Product Safety Information
Dermatologic related reactions, a pharmacologic effect observed with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) inhibitors, are experienced with nearly all patients (approximately 90 percent) treated with Vectibix. The majority of dermatological reactions are mild to moderate in nature. In clinical studies, subsequent to the development of severe dermatological reactions (including stomatitis), infectious complications including sepsis, in rare cases leading to death, and local abscesses requiring incisions and drainage were reported. Patients who have severe dermatologic reactions or who develop worsening reactions whilst receiving Vectibix should be monitored for the development of inflammatory or infectious sequelae, and appropriate treatment promptly initiated.
Important U.S. Product Information
Vectibix is indicated for the treatment of patients with wild-type KRAS (exon 2 in codons 12 or 13) mCRC as determined by an
Vectibix is not indicated for the treatment of patients with KRAS-mutant mCRC or for whom KRAS mutation status is unknown. Vectibix in combination with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is not indicated for the treatment of patients with RAS-mutant mCRC or for whom RAS mutation status is unknown.
RAS is defined as exon 2 (codons 12 and 13), exon 3 (codons 59 and 61), and exon 4 (codons 117 and 146) of either KRAS or NRAS and hereon is referred to as "RAS."
WARNING: DERMATOLOGIC TOXICITY
Dermatologic Toxicity: Dermatologic toxicities occurred in 90 percent of patients and were severe (NCI-CTC grade 3 or higher) in 15 percent of patients receiving Vectibix monotherapy. [See Dosage and Administration (2.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. A predefined retrospective subset analysis of Study 3 further identified a shortening of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with RAS-mutant tumors who received Vectibix® and FOLFOX versus FOLFOX alone. Determination of RAS-mutant tumor status should be performed by an experienced laboratory.
Determination of KRAS mutational status in colorectal tumors using an
Progressively decreasing serum magnesium levels leading to severe (Grade 3-4) hypomagnesemia occurred in up to 7% of patients across clinical trials. Monitor patients for hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia prior to initiating Vectibix treatment, periodically during Vectibix treatment, and for up to 8 weeks after the completion of treatment.
In a clinical trial, 4% of patients experienced infusion reactions and 1% of patients experienced severe infusion reactions (NCI-CTC grade 3-4).
Severe diarrhea and dehydration, leading to acute renal failure and other complications, have been observed in patients treated with Vectibix in combination with chemotherapy.
Fatal and non-fatal cases of interstitial lung disease (ILD) (1%) and pulmonary fibrosis have been observed in patients treated with Vectibix. Pulmonary fibrosis occurred in less than 1% (2/1467) of patients enrolled in clinical studies of Vectibix. In the event of acute onset or worsening of pulmonary symptoms, interrupt Vectibix therapy. Discontinue Vectibix therapy if ILD is confirmed.
The most common adverse reactions of Vectibix are skin rash with variable presentations, paronychia, fatigue, nausea and diarrhea. The most frequently reported serious, adverse reactions of Vectibix are general physical health deterioration, and intestinal obstruction.
The most commonly reported adverse reactions (≥ 20%) in patients with wild-type KRAS mCRC receiving Vectibix (6 mg/kg every 2 weeks) and FOLFOX therapy (N = 322) in Study 3 were diarrhea, stomatitis, mucosal inflammation, asthenia, paronychia, anorexia, hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, rash, acneiform dermatitis, pruritus, and dry skin. Serious adverse reactions (≥ 2% difference between treatment arms) in Vectibix-treated patients with wild-type KRAS mCRC were diarrhea and dehydration.
To see the full Vectibix Safety Information, visit www.vectibix.com.
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2 Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11. http://globocan.iarc.fr/Pages/fact_sheets_cancer.aspx. Accessed
3 Jemal. Global Cancer Statistics. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011;61:69-90. Peeters M, Price TJ, Cervantes A, et al. Randomized Phase III Study of Panitumumab With Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Irinotecan (FOLFIRI) Comparied with FOLFIRI Alone As Second-Line Treatment in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28(31):4706-4713.
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