"For physicians making prescribing decisions, long-term follow-up helps to further support the safety and efficacy of a therapy and instills confidence in the treatment," said
"We are excited about the three-year follow-up of the ENDEAVOR study as the overall survival benefit reflects both the efficacy and the long-term safety of this KYPROLIS regimen in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma," said
Adverse events observed in this updated analysis were consistent with those previously reported for ENDEAVOR. The most common adverse events (greater than or equal to 20 percent) in the KYPROLIS arm were anemia, diarrhea, pyrexia, hypertension, dyspnea, fatigue, cough, insomnia, upper respiratory tract infection, nausea, bronchitis, asthenia, back pain, thrombocytopenia, edema peripheral, headache and muscle spasms.
Results from the primary ENDEAVOR OS analysis were recently published online in The Lancet Oncology. Data showed Kd reduced the risk of death by 21 percent over Vd. Patients treated with KYPROLIS lived 7.6 months longer than those treated with Velcade (median OS 47.6 months for Kd versus 40.0 months for Vd, HR=0.79, 95 percent CI, 0.65-0.96). On
Since its approval in 2012, more than 50,000 patients worldwide have received KYPROLIS. The KYPROLIS clinical program continues to focus on providing solutions for physicians and patients in treating this frequently relapsing and difficult-to-treat cancer. KYPROLIS is available for patients whose myeloma has relapsed or become resistant to another treatment and continues to be studied in a range of combinations and patient populations.
The randomized ENDEAVOR (RandomizEd, OpeN Label, Phase 3 Study of Carfilzomib Plus DExamethAsone Vs Bortezomib Plus DexamethasOne in Patients With Relapsed Multiple Myeloma) trial of 929 patients evaluated Kd versus Vd in patients whose multiple myeloma has relapsed after at least one, but not more than three prior therapeutic regimens. The primary endpoint of the trial was PFS, defined as the time from treatment initiation to disease progression or death. The primary analysis was published in The Lancet Oncology and is described in the Prescribing Information.
Patients received treatment until progression with KYPROLIS as a 30-minute infusion on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of 28 day treatment cycles, along with low-dose dexamethasone (20 mg). For cycle one only, KYPROLIS was administered at 20 mg/m2 on days 1 and 2, and if tolerated was escalated to 56 mg/m2 from day 8 cycle one onwards. Patients who received bortezomib (1.3 mg/m2) with low-dose dexamethasone (20 mg) were treated with bortezomib administered subcutaneously or intravenously at the discretion of the investigator and in accordance with regional regulatory approval of bortezomib. More than 75 percent of the patients in the control arm received bortezomib subcutaneously. This study was conducted at 235 sites worldwide.
For information about this trial, please visit www.clinicaltrials.gov under trial identification number NCT01568866.
About Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma is an incurable blood cancer, characterized by a recurring pattern of remission and relapse.1 It is a rare and very aggressive disease that accounts for approximately one percent of all cancers.2,3 In the U.S., there are nearly 95,000 people living with, or in remission from, multiple myeloma.4 Approximately 30,330 Americans are diagnosed with multiple myeloma each year and 12,650 patient deaths are reported on an annual basis.4
About KYPROLIS® (carfilzomib)
Proteasomes play an important role in cell function and growth by breaking down proteins that are damaged or no longer needed.5 KYPROLIS has been shown to block proteasomes, leading to an excessive build-up of proteins within cells.5 In some cells, KYPROLIS can cause cell death, especially in myeloma cells because they are more likely to contain a higher amount of abnormal proteins.5,6
KYPROLIS is approved in the U.S. for the following:
KYPROLIS is also approved in
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Acute Renal Failure
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Hepatic Toxicity and Hepatic Failure
Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES)
Increased Fatal and Serious Toxicities in Combination with Melphalan and Prednisone in Newly Diagnosed Transplant‐ineligible Patients
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Jakubowiak A. Management Strategies for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Current Clinical Perspectives. Seminars in Hematology. 2012; 49(3)(1),S16-S32.
GLOBOCAN 2012. Global Prevalence and Incidence. Available at: http://globocan.iarc.fr/old/summary_table_pop_prev.asp?selection=224900&title=World&sex=0&window=1&sort=0&submit=%C2%A0Execute%C2%A0. Accessed on January 6, 2017.
American Cancer Society. Multiple myeloma. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/multiple-myeloma/about.html. Accessed on July 12, 2017.
National Cancer Institute. SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Myeloma. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/mulmy.html. Accessed on January 6, 2017.
Moreau P, Richardson PG, Cavo M, et al. Proteasome Inhibitors in Multiple Myeloma: 10 Years Later. Blood. 2012; 120(5):947-959.
Kortuem KM and Stewart AK. Carfilzomib. Blood. 2012; 121(6):893-897.
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